Checklist for sailing: how to prepare your boat, especially in the summer

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Checklist for your boat: things to make sure you packed before heading offshore

Check list for seafaring

Check list for seafaring

Never be caught unawares by possible unexpected circumstances when out at sea, whether you use a small boat or a large leisure cruiser. Therefore it is very important, before starting the engine and leaving the mooring to check that you have all the safety equipment and the documents on board (in international waters the original documents must be kept on board, whilst during navigations between national ports certified copies may be kept), that you know the weather forecast and ensure that everyone on board knows how to behave in case of emergency.

Here is a reminder for those who go out to sea, available also in a printable version for you to take with you in the boat that you can consult before setting off on your journey by sea.

SECURITY EQUIPMENTS
In the following chart, the essential life-saving and safety equipment are listed and which must be kept on board smaller craft and leisure boats in relation to the distance from the coast or shore:

KIND OF NAVIGATION
( “x” indicates a requirement -number inside parenthesis quantity)

A) Security equipment for leisure boats (with or without CE label)

 

Without any limit

Within 50 miles

Within 12
miles

Within 6
miles

Within 3
miles

Within 1
miles

Within 300
meters

In rivers , streams and floods

raft
(for all people on board)

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


for all people onboard

 


 


x

 


 


 


 


 


lifebealts
(one for each people on boards)

x

x

x

x

x

x

 


x

lifebuoy

x (1)

x (1)

x (1)

x (1)

x (1)

x (1)

 


x(1)

little shining buoy

x (1)

x (1)

x (1)

x (1)

 


 


 


 


little smoke buoy

x (3)

x (2)

x (2)

x (2)

x (1)

 


 


 


compass and deviation tables (a)

x

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


clock

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


barometer

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


binoculars

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


navigation charts of the area where you are navigating

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


charting instruments


x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


red color light signal

x (4)

x (3)

x (2)

x (2)

x (2)

 


 


 


red rocket parachute flare

x (4)

x (3)

x (2)

x (2)

 


 


 


 


first aid kit (b)

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


ordinary lights

x

x

x

x

x

 


 


 


sound signal appliances
(d) ]]]+]++ + +

x

x

x

x

x

 


 


 


radio navigation system (LORAN , GPS)(e)

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


VHF device

x

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


radar reflector

x

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


E.P.I.R.B (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon)

x

 


 


 


 


 


 


 



B) Additional safety equipment without CE label


Pump or other drainage devise 

x

x

x

x

x

x

 


 


Fire prevention device - extinguishers : as indicated in the scheme All. A) according to  D.M. 21 January 1994 n. 232 (e)

x

x

x

x

x

x

 


 


 

Notes:

(a) the diversion charts are compulsory only for leisure boats. (The experts dealing with the compensation must be in possession of the requirements established by the Circular letter  - Series I - n. 23 “Navigation Police“ dated 30.6.1932 and they must be registered as of Art. 68 N. C.)
(b) According to chart D attached to the Health Ministry Decree n. 279 dated 28th May 1988. 
(c) In case of day navigation up to twelve miles from the coast the standard lights must be substituted with a white light safety torch
(d) for boats measuring more than 12 metres long, it is also obligatory to have a whistle and a bell. (The bell can be substituted by a mobile sounding sound device). 
(e) the smaller boats, apart from the motor power, must have a fire extinguisher on board. As for the boats, the number of the fire extinguishers and the fire extinguishing capacity are established in letter A) of the chart attached to the quoted Ministerial Decree 232\1994. 

DOCUMENTS THAT MUST BE KEPT ON BOARD

Small boats (up to 10 mt. F.T.) 
Civil Liability insurance: obligatory for all motors, even those that have less than 3 CV and even if they are not used (spare motor), identity card, a Rtf certificate (if you possess a Vhf apparatus) and a Rtf license of use, the booklet that states the power of the engine or the certificate of motor use (if it refers to a outboard or an inboard motor).

Larger boats (from 10 mt F.T to 24 mt F.T.) 
Navigation license
Identity card
Safety certificate
Civil Liability insurance

NAVIGATION


Always check the weather conditions (VHF and harbour master’s office) 
Check the course and all potential obstacles.
Check the presence of harbours along the route where you can shelter in case of a breakdown. The possession of nautical maps suitable for navigation purposes (it is preferable to always have these on board). 
Check fuel level (arrive at destination with a 30% reserve). 
Adequate fresh water and food supplies for the duration of the navigation period. 
Ensure that someone on land knows your navigation plans.

 

EQUIPMENT: EVERYONE MUST… 


Know how to make an emergency call via VHF 
Know where to find useful instruments and equipment.
Know how to start the engines.
Know how to stop the boat.
Know how to find and use: raft, life-belt, warning flares and first-aid kit